Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1461 Downloads: 7 Date added: 2019/05/18 Category History Essay Level High school Tags: Civil War Essay War Essay Did you like this example? The civil war was one of the biggest events our nation edured. Four years of gruesome battle over freedom and equality. It changed our nation and it changed us. The war itself started in 1861 on April 12th. However the issues of the civil war started long before that. The consequences would last centuries. In 1619 servants were purchased from a dutch ship. Soon they would become slaves to their masters. From that point on, one by one the colonies began to legalize slavery. They began to recognize a ?need for slaves to prosper in life. In 1688 Quakers, a big religious group at the time, began to protest the inappropriateness of slavery. They argued it was improper of christian people to own slaves and to give them unfair treatment. In 1739 the first violent rebellion of slaves happened in South Carolina. By this time many slaves had already began to run away to territories where they would be considered free and not property. By july of 1776 the colonies had declared their independence from great britain. The founding fathers of america create the Declaration of independence that states all men are created equal. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Civil War And Its Consequences" essay for you Create order However, the statement doesnt seem entirely true as the writers are slave owners and slavery and discrimination is still present. A year later the colony Vermont is the first to stop slavery in the area. Then in 1780 Pennsylvania would become the first state to slowly abolish slavery. 1783 marks the year african americans are allowed to vote in Massachusetts. Although it wouldnt be till 1870, almost a century later, that all african americans would be given the right to vote. Slaves were still running for their freedom but in 1793 the Fugitive Slave Act was passed by congress. Allowing runaway slaves to be arrested or returned to their previous slave owners. This was not a working system because many people could lie about a man stating he was previously a slave even if he was not owned by them. In addition to the return of previous slaves, people who helped slaves run away or helped in the protection of them, paid fines up to $500 dollars. Slaves still continue to run away and start rebellions that are violent and big. Later the underground railroad would form. A system to help slaves escape to north for freedom. Congress then, in 1807, bans the importation of new slaves to the american states, territories and colonies. The missouri compromise of 1821 would then divide the slave states from the free states. States then continue to abolish slavery while others decide to legalize it. Abolitionist begin to write about bringing an end to slavery causing the murder of some. States are added to the nation as more and more slaves run for freedom. Hundreds of slaves escape with the help of the underground railroad and previous slaves. Harriet Tubman being a well known slave today, returned multiple times to aid those in search of freedom. Then in 1857 Dred Scott, a former slave, goes to court to fight for his freedom along with his families. The court then states blacks are not citizens. Then in 1860 Abraham Lincoln is elected president; he believes the states cannot be separated. The war begins in 1861 with the attack on Fort Sumter. The Southern states become known as the confederate states of america while the North become known as the union states. States also begin to leave the union and join the confederacy. The union having 21 states and the confederacy having 11. In july of 1861 the union loses the battle at Bull Run. In 1862 they battle in shiloh resulting in gains and losses for both sides. Then in August of 1862 they have a second battle at Bull Run. 55,000 confederates, and 75,000 union soldiers. It becomes one more loss for the union soldiers. Then comes the battle at Antietam, which becomes known as ?the bloodiest day in U.S. military history with a loss of 26,000 men(The U.S. Civil War 1861-1865, para. 28). However, the same can be said about the Battle of Gettysburg. Which is one of the most well known battles in our Nations history.Next comes another loss for the confederates with the battle at Fredericksburg. Congress then, in 1863, calls for a draft of men ages 20 to 45. However, men who pay $300 dollars will not be subjected to going or if they provide a replacement for their spot. The lower class people complain about this, saying their lives are as important as those of the wealthy. 17,000 union soldiers and 13,000 confederates are then later killed in Chancellorsville.y Yet another win for the union at the battle of Gettysburg as the confederates surrender as once again they begin to lose the battle and the war. Riots and mobs soon begin to break out in protest in the drafting of the young boys and men. Eventually leading to the deaths of men, women, and children. Not to forget the innocent black men and women who were being killed by white men and women. Finally the confederate soldiers snag another win with the battle at Chickamauga, again in 1863. Later that year President Abraham Lincoln would give a two minute speech that would come to be known as the Gettysburg Address. In honor of those men who had fallen in battle. The Confederates then take one last win win the battle at Cold Harbor. As the union leader General Grant makes costly mistakes. Weeks past as the final battles of the war happen. Two years later on January 31, the united states write the 13th Amendment and congress ratified the thirteenth amendment and wait for it to come into play. As the war draws to an end more and more battles are fought as thousands of soldiers lives are lost. The fight for the end of slavery is gruesome. With the loss of president Abraham Lincoln in 1865 by assassination by John Wilkes Booth. Andrew Jackson then takes over as president for the remainder of the war and so forth. In May of 1865 the confederates finally surrender with the death of more than 620,000 americans most from disease and illness. As the war ends a parade is held to celebrate the closing of the war. On December 6, 1865 the United States adds the thirteenth amendment. Finally abolishing slavery once and for all. With war finally over it seems as though all will be good. In spite of that, more trouble lies ahead. The battle for equality has just begun. Blacks will still receive unfair treatment and discrimination. Blacks will continue to fight for their equality for many more centuries to come. Segregated from the whites, blacks stay as the lowest race. With whites being the most superior. Now starts the civil rights movement. Where more lives will be lost and more battle fought. Some violent and others peaceful. The civil war will forever be one of the greatest wars in our american history. The only time in our history where our nation was divided and battled against each other. It was definitely an event that we do not want to repeat. It shaped us and provided a stepping stone into another significant time period in american history, The Civil Rights Movement. Today the Civil War helps us understand the importance of equality. Helping even with the equality and rights of women. It will forever be a major, and highly influential event in history. I chose the civil war because it has always been the war that fascinated me the most. I always found it interesting that people i see everyday would have been treated differently if it wasnt for that war. Its crazy to think about how colored people were treated so different even though we are all the same. No race being better than another. Additionally it sad to think that the issues of discrimination and unequal rights still exist today. People of a different race face unfair treatment and inequality throughout the nation today although it is minor compared to the history of discrimination. It seems as though it will always be an issues and it will always be something we have to work towards fixing. This project for me, was fun and interesting. I learned so much more than i would have expected. I currently already knew a decent amount of information on this topic and writing this helped me understand why its so important for us to learn about our history. Today we have Museums and Monuments that serve as a reminder of the shocking, and horrid yet much needed battle. We remember all those who fought and those who still fight for a better future and life. One filled with freedom and equality for all races. All information for this paper can be found in these articles. References: https://www.civil-war.net/pages/timeline.asp https://www.historyplace.com/civilwar/index.html
Friday, May 15, 2020
Cypc 31.2 task2 Explain how children and young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s development is influenced by a range of personal and external factors. 2.1 And 2.2 Personal Factors * During pregnancy-: If the mother smokes ,takes drugs, becomes ill or suffers from stress or anxiety this can result in premature birth and health problems for the baby such as -: low birth weight, undeveloped organs, problems with sight and hearing. These are all problems that could delay their development. Some children are born with conditions that could affect their development such as a blood disorder. * Health-: health problems can be genetic or caused by the environment the child grows up in. If the child lives in poor quality houses with damp this could triggerÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Operate Conditioning-: People learn and are influenced by the results of what they do. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also when peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour is affected by consequences, reinforcements and learning based on exploration of the environment. Skinner divided the consequences of actions into these three groups... 1. Positive reinforcement - using positive reinforcement such as sti ckers, attention and praise. 2. Negative reinforcements Ã¢â¬â this also makes children repeat behaviour but in different ways e.g.: If a child does well in an exam therefore they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to do their chores. 3. Punishers Ã¢â¬â designed to prevent you from repeating behaviour e.g.: if a child burns themselves on a hot oven they wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t touch it again. Skinner found that unpredictable reinforcements work better than continual. Influence on practice We use positive reinforcements in practice today. Giving children lots of praise to help them learn positive behaviour we also give out stickers to encourage repeated good behaviour. Pavlov and Watson are both associated with classical conditioning which is when you are taught to act a certain way by association and instruction. We do not use this in practice today but it helps us to understand phobias such as a child being scared of spiders because mummy is and always screams when she sees one. Cognitive development-constructivist theory Looking atShow MoreRelatedExplain how children and young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s development is influenced by a range of personal factors967 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Core 3.1 2.1. Explain how children and young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s development is influenced by a range of personal factors 2.2. Explain how children and young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s development is influenced by a range of external factors 3.2. Explain the reasons why childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s development might not follow the expected pattern Factors that influence development. Core 3.1 2.1 ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s development is influenced by a variety of different personal factors. Such factors can include Cerebral palsy, downs syndrome, dyslexiaRead MoreTDA 3.2 organisation in schools Essay3183 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesCommunication and professional relationships with children, young people and adults Knowledge skill 3 2 2 A/601/3326 TDA 3.2 Schools as organisations Knowledge 3 3 3 F/601/4073 TDA 3.3 Support learning activities Knowledge skill 3 4 4 A/601/4069 TDA 3.4 Promote children and young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s positive behaviour Knowledge skill 3 3 5 H/601/4065 TDA 3.5 Develop professional relationships with children, young people and adults Knowledge skill 3 Read MoreChild Should Be Tried At Bath Time Essay1696 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages name familiar objects and show emotions more clearly. - Two years and 6 monthsÃ¢â¬ ¦At this age the child is expected to be able to pedal a tricycle or at least push it along using their feet, turn pages in books, use small phrases, play with other children and have Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬â¢temper tantrumsÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬â¢ when they are getting frustrated. - Three yearsÃ¢â¬ ¦By three years old the child should be able to use the stairs correctly using one foot at a time, use the toilet correctly, use clear speech that everyone can recognizeRead MoreLeadership for Health and Social Care and Children65584 Words Ã |Ã 263 PagesQUALIFICATION HANDBOOK Level 5 Diploma in Leadership for Health and Social Care and Children and Young PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Services (England) (3978-51/52/53/54/55/56) December 2011 Version 2.1 (July 2011) Qualification at a glance Subject area City Guilds number Age group approved Entry requirements Assessment Fast track Level 5 Diploma in Leadership for Health and Social Care and Children and Young PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Services (England) 3978 19+ There are no entry requirements Portfolio of Evidence, PracticalRead MoreLearning and Social Care Essay examples30870 Words Ã |Ã 124 PagesCACHE Qualification Specification CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Children and Young PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Workforce (QCF) CACHE Level 3 Diploma for the Children and Young PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Workforce (QCF) CACHE Ã © Copyright 2011 All rights reserved worldwide. Ã Reproduction by approved CACHE centres is permissible for internal use under the following conditions: CACHE has provided this Qualification Specification in Microsoft Word format to enable its Centres to use its content more flexibly within their ownRead MoreExternal and Personal Factors Affecting Development - Lo2 - 3.3 Level 3 Diploma3370 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesUnit 1 Understand Children and Young Person Development LO.2 2.1 Explain how children and young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s development is influenced by a range of personal factors. Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Personal Factors If a mother drinks heavily during pregnancy the alcohol she consumes will passed across the placenta and into the Foetus via the bloodstream, as the foetusÃ¢â¬â¢s organs are not fully formed so the liver is unable to process the alcohol making the unborn child have a extremely high alcoholRead More2. Understand the factors that influence children and young peopleÃ¢â¬Å¡ÃâÃ ´s development and how these affect practice.3286 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Understand Child and Young Person Development 2. Understand the factors that influence children and young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s development and how these affect practice. 2.1 Explain how children and young peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s development is influenced by a range of personal factors. Personal factors are those which are part of the genetic make-up of a child (nature, not nurture). 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By completing all tasks within the assignment, the candidate will provide evidence that meets the Learning Outcomes and assessment criteria for Unit 022, Understand Child and Young Person Development. Tasks There are five tasks to this assignment. A Complete tables; Questions B Complete table; Report C Report Read MoreChildcare: Education and Subject Code Essay43120 Words Ã |Ã 173 Pagesprofessional relationships with children, young people and adults _________________________ 8 Communication and professional relationships with children, young people and adults indicative content ___________ 9 Schools as organisations ____________________________________________________________ _____________ 10 Schools as organisations indicative content ___________________________________________________________ 11 Understand child and young person development ______________________________________________________
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Chapter 6 Decision Making: The Essence of the ManagerÃ¢â¬â¢s Job True/False Questions THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS 1. Problem identification is purely objective. (False; moderate; p. 157) 2. The second step in the decision-making process is identifying a problem. (False; easy; p. 158) 3. A decision criterion defines what is relevant in a decision. (True; moderate; p. 158) 4. The fourth step of the decision-making process requires the decision maker to list viable alternatives that could resolve the problem. (True; easy; p. 159) 5. Once the alternatives have been identified, a decision maker must analyze each one. (True; moderate; p. 159) 6. The step in the decision-making process that involves choosing a best alternative is termedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(True; easy; p. 175; AACSB: Diversity) 32. According to the boxed feature, Ã¢â¬Å"Focus on Leadership,Ã¢â¬ findings from studies by Geert Hofstede and from GLOBE researchers show that in high uncertainty avoidance countries, decision making tends to be based more on intuition than on formal analysis. (False; moderate; p. 175) 33. Highly reliable organizations (HROs) are easily tricked by their success. (False; easy; p. 176) Multiple-Choice Questions For each of the following choose the answer that most completely answers the question. THE DECISION-MAKING PROCESS 34. Decision making is typically described as ________________, which is a view that is too simplistic. a. deciding what is correct b. putting preferences on paper c. choosing among alternatives d. processing information to completion (c; moderate; p. 156) 35. A series of eight steps that begins with identifying a problem and concludes with evaluating the decisionÃ¢â¬â¢s effectiveness is the ________________. a. decision-making process b. managerial process c. maximin style d. bounded rationality approach (a; easy; p. 156) 36. ________________ is the existence of a discrepancy between an existing and a desired state of affairs. a. An opportunity b. A solution c. A weakness d. A problem (d; easy; p. 156) 37. In identifying theShow MoreRelatedCommon Biases of Self-Perception1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Assignment Template for Individual Assignment. Subject Code: MGMT20001 | Subject Name: Organisational Behaviour | Student ID Number: 562915 | Student Name: Yong Sook Mun | Tutorial Day/Time: Wed, 12-1pm | Tutor Name: Jaci Maddern | Assignment Name or Number: Individual Assignment | Due Date: 13 August 2012 | Introduction There are people who tend to prejudice against or in favor of a certain thing, individual, or group compared with another. 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Hence, after reviewing the American Psychological Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (2010) and the role ethics play in the field of I/O Psychology I this assignment presents a synopsis of the evolution and my influential experiences role of professional values, biases, and ethics At the foundation of my ethical behavior is my Christian upbringing that has shaped by conscious and my capabilities to determine right from wrong and the importance of charity andRead MoreMba 570 Complete Course - Saint (Assignments- Dqs - Quizzes)1261 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMBA 570 Complete Course - Saint (Assignments- Dqs - quizzes) IF You Want To Purchase A+ Work Then Click The Link Below , Instant Download http://acehomework.com/MBA-570-Complete-Course-Saint-5555500012.htm?categoryId=-1 If You Face Any Problem E- Mail Us At JohnMate1122@gmail.com MBA 570 assignment 1 This writing assignment should be in an essay format. 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Ã Which of the following is a false statement regarding cross-cultural preparation needed during the phases of an international assignment? | Ã Ã Ã Ã A. Preparation is required only for the employees, not their families. | B. Training may range from lectures for employees and their families to visits to culturally diverse communities. | C. Preparation for departure includes languageRead MoreWeek 4 Individual Work1163 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Corporations operating overseas need to pay careful attention to this most critical resource, - one that also provides control over other resources. In fact, increasing recognition is being given to the role of Strategic Human Resource Management (SHRM) that is the two way role of HRM in both helping to determine strategy as well as to implement it. That role in helping the organization to develop the necessary capabilities to be able to enact the desired strategy includes the reality strategic
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss About the Sustainable Living and Exploring Relevant? Answer: Introduction This study deals with the principle of sustainable living that ensure the existing resources will be maintained for future generations (Voytenko et al., 2016). This is all about living sustainably within the means of usual arrangement or surroundings that ensure lifestyle that should not harm society and culture. The current segment explains two aspects of sustainable living as well as exploring relevant innovations that ensures sustainability. Furthermore, the sustainable development is the organizing standard for meeting human expansion goals where sustaining the capability of natural structure for providing the natural resources and ecology services that depends upon the financial system and culture (Schaltegger, Ldeke-Freund Hansen, 2016). Discussing two aspects of sustainable living and exploring relevant innovation to ensure sustainability Sustainable Living can be termed as a lifestyle that majorly attempts in reducing an entity or culture through use of personal resources and normal resources of earth. This sustainable living actually makes an attempt for reducing the level of carbon footprint through altering methods of diet, energy consumption and transportation (Voegtlin Scherer, 2015). As rightly put forward by Pugh (2014), Sustainable development is one of the types of development where efforts are made to meet the needs of the current without even compromising the capability of future invention for meeting their own needs. In this, there are two major key concepts that are present in the definition of sustainable development and it is the necessary needs of the worlds poor that overrides with action depending upon the priority. In that way, the idea of limitation is greatly imposed by the state of technology as well as communal trade on the surroundings that has the ability to meet the present as well as future needs (Schaltegger, Ldeke-Freund Hansen, 2016). There are two major aspects of sustainable living that are mention as under: Environmental- Environmental is one of the major aspects of sustainable living that acknowledges the needs for enhancing as well as maintaining the biophysical systems that actually sustain all lives on earth. This takes into consideration the structure as well as function of natural ecosystems where interactions is present between them and it is all about guardianships of the environment (Schaltegger, Ldeke-Freund Hansen, 2016). Social- Social is another important aspect of sustainable living that in actually acknowledges the need of equity between the generations such as ethnic and social groups. In that way, social aspect is inclusive and deals directly with the mental and physical being that is based upon equal distribution of available resources (Neuvonen et al., 2014). In addition to the above aspects, there are even two major aspects that need to be discussed in this study and these are cultural aspects as well as economic aspects. Cultural aspects looks into the need that is essential for nourishing as well as sharing attitudes and values after representing the diverse world views. It is all about the political need that is essential for the people for expressing the views freely as well as participating in the decision-making process. It needs to address the requirements that will build resilience in the upcoming years. On the other hand, economic aspects acknowledges with the interaction of humans that aligns with the interactions that is noted between the human and natural environment for use of resources for creating goods and services that add to the value of lives (Mont, Neuvonen Lhteenoja, 2014). Strategic Imperatives Reviving Growth- it is necessary to consider the fact that development that is sustainable actually help in addressing the problem of the large number of public who actually live in complete poverty (Schaltegger, Ldeke-Freund Hansen, 2016). Innovation should be based on better design as well as use of new technologies that will provide to act smarter and more sustainable. Use of these tools depends upon explaining the public prospect as well as unease that meet the needs in cost effective way over the scale of technology (Lorek Spangenberg, 2014). Reorienting technology and managing risk- In order to fulfill the tasks, it is needed to adopt reorientation of technology that act as a key link between human as well as nature. In that way, capacity for technological innovation needs to be emphasized upon in the developing countries where the matter is respond quickly and that challenge the sustainable expansion at the same time. It is the technologies of the industrial countries that are not applicable or even cannot be easily adaptable for meeting the socio-economic as well as environmental conditions of the developing countries (Liedtke et al., 2015). It requires solving the problem where countries face pressures on matters relating to arid-land agriculture or in that case control over the tropical diseases. There is still room for improvement through adapting innovations in materials technology, information technology as well as energy conservation and biotechnology that will meet the need of developing nations (Schaltegger, Ld eke-Freund Hansen, 2016). There is gap noticed that needs to be covered up through enhancing the research, development, extension capabilities as well as design in the most effective way. In most of the countries, the process of generating technologies needs to be well-informed through environmental resource concerns. Addition to that, it also takes into consideration ways for improvements such as upgrading the traditional ones as well as making choice f adapting to the imported technologies that will help the environment in huge ways. It is even noted that technological research is devoted towards process innovation that have mostly market value. It is the need of technology where it produces social goods like improved in the air quality or in that increased in the product and these actions will resolve the problems like external costs of pollution or waste disposal to be precise (Jones, 2014). A sustainable future With the emergence of technological innovation and advancement, it is now predicable by people that it is essential to have sustainable future and this has been possible by older cleaner fuel sources. It is now possible to imagine a sustainable future when people look to a post fossil fuel world that includes business (Dyllick Muff, 2016). In recent times, several improvements can be noted where there is growth such as intensive farming, massive increase in the power needs as well as technological innovation that has huge demands and damage on the planets possessions. Addition to that, group are now aware of the plight of developing world where earth observes natural and human-caused disasters that strain the resources of the planet on an adverse ways (Schaltegger, Ldeke-Freund Hansen, 2016). The effects mainly harm ecosystems as well as human population at the same time. It is now become an necessity to develop new as well as cleaner technology that can cope with the energy demand s where sustainability is not just only about environment. On analysis, it is noted that main communal activism association directly relates with the communal expansion side of sustainability agenda are conducted like Fair Trade and Rainforest Alliance, these programs encourages good farming practices where the famers will be ensures to produce luxury goods like coffee and cocoa as it help in receiving decent living wage (Schaltegger, Ldeke-Freund Hansen, 2016). Most of the protester and sustainability expert hope for removing trade barriers in the near future so that it will help everyone that contributes towards bringing economic as well as social development core sustainability at the time of promoting good environment practice (Creanor, 2014). It is necessary to have a clear direction that is backed up with resources where it need management support as well as good metrics for achieving the desired results in comparison with reinventing business process for accommodating sustainable development at the same time. It is necessary to select the best approach where innovation has been in the results of presenting the believable planned dilemma as a shock that can be determined after emergent a new approach in the most appropriate way (Adams et al., 2015). It all because of the economies that are networked and change from the social as well as environmental pressures that is here to stay. It is impossible to avoid several uncontrollable factors where commercial success depends upon having flexible as well as multi-disciplinary skills for responding purpose. Conclusion At the end of the study, it is concluded that sustainable living means utilizing the resources in present and also preserving it for future. In that way, sustainability can be achieved at all levels, be it individual, organization, community and society as a whole. It can be attained balancing to what is called corporate social responsibility where companies utilize the resources in the best possible ways. It is the sustainable development that aims at offering an organizational framework that is based upon the opportunity as well as respect for human values. It is required to use innovation in a way so that it better meet the human needs as well as values. Most of the organization respect best towards sustainable development for achieving the vision where it prefers to use the pragmatic approach. Reference List Adams, R., Jeanrenaud, S., Bessant, J., Denyer, D., Overy, P. (2015). Sustainability?oriented innovation: a systematic review.International Journal of Management Reviews. Creanor, L. (2014). Raising the profile: An institutional case study of embedding scholarship and innovation through distributive leadership.Innovations in Education and Teaching International,51(6), 573-583. Dyllick, T., Muff, K. (2016). Clarifying the meaning of sustainable business: Introducing a typology from business-as-usual to true business sustainability.Organization Environment,29(2), 156-174. Jones, M. (2014).Sustainable event management: A practical guide. Routledge. Liedtke, C., Baedeker, C., Hasselku, M., Rohn, H., Grinewitschus, V. (2015). User-integrated innovation in Sustainable LivingLabs: an experimental infrastructure for researching and developing sustainable product service systems.Journal of Cleaner Production,97, 106-116. Lorek, S., Spangenberg, J. H. (2014). Sustainable consumption within a sustainable economybeyond green growth and green economies.Journal of cleaner production,63, 33-44. Mont, O., Neuvonen, A., Lhteenoja, S. (2014). Sustainable lifestyles 2050: stakeholder visions, emerging practices and future research.Journal of Cleaner Production,63, 24-32. Neuvonen, A., Kaskinen, T., Leppnen, J., Lhteenoja, S., Mokka, R., Ritola, M. (2014). Low-carbon futures and sustainable lifestyles: A backcasting scenario approach.Futures,58, 66-76. Pugh, C. (2014).Sustainability the Environment and Urbanisation. Routledge. Schaltegger, S., Ldeke-Freund, F., Hansen, E. G. (2016). Business models for sustainability: a co-evolutionary analysis of sustainable entrepreneurship, innovation, and transformation.Organization Environment,29(3), 264-289. Voegtlin, C., Scherer, A. G. (2015). Responsible innovation and the innovation of responsibility: Governing sustainable development in a globalized world.Journal of Business Ethics, 1-17. Voytenko, Y., McCormick, K., Evans, J., Schliwa, G. (2016). Urban living labs for sustainability and low carbon cities in Europe: towards a research agenda.Journal of Cleaner Production,123, 45-54.
Tuesday, April 14, 2020
This is a very shadowy corner of the human psyche, there is no black and white when it comes to situations like this, only endless shades of grey that bleed into each other endlessly. Many peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of torture is inflicting devastating bodily harm on a personÃ¢â¬â¢s body, and that is what the dictionary says it is, but in these modern times, the main element of political torture is the presence of fear, no bodily harm is necessary in some cases. The most commonly used method of torture is water boarding, which simulates drowning, and has been a key element in preventing insurgent operations. Many people argue that torture yields faulty or incomplete intelligence, but there are documented situations where torture has aided in saving lives. This is only my opinion, torture is made illegal to POWs, medical personnel, and any others captured by a hostile country by the Geneva Convention, but as we have seen by Kristian Menchaca and Thomas Tucker, our enemies dont care. We will write a custom essay sample on Pro Torture/Terrorisim or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page How far would you go to save a life? There are plenty of forms of torture that leave no physical scars, there is psychological torture which is threatening to kill ones family, or falsely claiming that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s terror cell leader is dead. There is sensory deprivation, which was used in Guantanamo, which is when you bind, blindfold, and earmuff prisoners for extended periods of time. Starvation and thirst, which is when a prisoner is given just enough food and water, unpleasant food and water if I might add, to survive, and just enough to survive, no more. Sleep deprivation uses bright lights and loud sounds to prevent someone from sleeping; just one night without sleep will drain ten points from someoneÃ¢â¬â¢s IQ. Forced standing is where a prisoner is forced to stand, in place, for up to ten hours, which causes ankle swelling and joint pain. Sweat boxes are just rooms with poor ventilation that act like ovens, and when the prisoner cooperates, the prisoner is released. These are all methods of torture that will not leave physical scars, they are not pleasant by any means, but they will not leave scars, which is the number one criterion for American torture. (About. com) Water boarding is one of the oldest and most common forms of torture, a prisoner is strapped to a board, face up, cloth wrapped around his face and water is poured onto the prisonerÃ¢â¬â¢s face, this causes the prisoner to cough and gag until the cloth is removed, this is considered a very mild form of torture and a lot of American delegates donÃ¢â¬â¢t even consider it torture at all. Ex- Chief of the CIA, Jose Rodriguez spoke out about the use of water boarding and other enhanced interrogation techniques. He insisted that the use of these techniques on Khalid Sheik Mohammed thwarted several Al-Quaeda plans on American soil. Mr. Rodriguez believes the cumulative effect of the enhanced techniques was instrumental in ensuring the terrorist gave up information. Further, he told Ms Stahl the intelligence gained from this and other high-level interrogations had helped to thwart at least 10 other planned terrorist attacks. Ã¢â¬ (Dailymail. com) The Geneva Convention was made to prot ect captured soldiers, civilians, medical personnel, or any others caught in hostile territories. Most of our enemies today donÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to care about the Geneva Convention; they are executed on live television for the world to see. Kristian Menchaca and Thomas Tucker were members of the 101st airborne, and were captured in Iraq. Shortly after, Al-Quaeda released a video with the two dead American soldiers, with a superimposed voice calling all Muslims to Jihad. The AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s bodied were then found near where they were abducted, beheaded, mutilated, and bombs strapped to them. (Outsidethebeltway. com) None of these barbaric actions are supported by the Geneva Convention, and people still think what we do to the enemy is more unethical, since when is death more ethical than modern day physical torture? At least, as Americans, we support, and abide by the Geneva Convention. This topic, I feel, will never be resolved completely, people feel too strongly on both sides, but I do feel that in some situations, torture should be able to be applied to prisoners. As long as we follow our guidelines for enhanced interrogation, I feel there shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be as big of an ethical debate, as long as there is no physical harm done to the prisoner; we should be able to use these methods to obtain pertinent information. As Ex- CIA chief Jose Rodriguez stated, water boarding used on Khalid Sheik Mohammed was successful in thwarting at least ten Al-Quaeda attacks planned on American soil. We as Americans follow the Geneva Convention, and all the branches off it, our enemies donÃ¢â¬â¢t recognize anything but their Jihad, as seen by American soldiers Kristian Menchaca and Thomas Tucker, and the sad part is, there are many more cases of American soldiers being publicly executed on live television. Execution is not more ethical that political torture as defined by America. If a bomb were about to go off, I would do whatever it took to save those peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives, I feel very strongly about this as an American. Works Cited 1. Head, Tom. American Torture Techniques. Ed. Mike Zane. N. p. , 11 Mar. 2012. Web. 11 July 2012. lt;http://civilliberty. about. com/od/waronterror/p/torturelite. htmgt;. 2. Seales, Rebecca. What We Did Saved American Lives. Ed. Rebecca Seales. N. p. , 27 Apr. 2012. Web. 11 July 2012. lt;http://www. dailymail. co. uk/news/article-2135981/What-did-saved-American-lives-Ex-CIA-chief-defends-waterboarding-al-Qaeda-leader. htmlgt;. 3. Joyner, James. U. S. Soldiers Beheaded By Al-Quaeda. Ed. James Joyner. N. p. , 10 July 2006. Web. 11 July 2012. lt;http://www. outsidethebeltway. com/beheading_desecration_video_of_dead_us_soldiers_released_on_internet_by_al_qaeda_videoimages/gt;.
Wednesday, March 11, 2020
Israeli Prime Ministers Since Establishment of the State in 1948 Since the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948, the prime minister is the head of the Israeli government and the most powerful figure in Israeli politics. Although the president of Israel is the countrys head of state, his powers are largely ceremonial; the prime minister holds most of the real power. The official residence of the prime minister, Beit Rosh Hamemshala, is in Jerusalem. The Knesset is the national legislature of Israel. As the legislative branch of the Israeli government, the Knesset passes all laws, elects the president and prime minister, although the prime minister is ceremonially appointed by the president, approves the cabinet, and supervises the work of the government. Israels Prime Ministers Since 1948 Following an election, the president nominates a member of the Knesset to become prime minister after asking party leaders whom they support for the position. The nominee then presents a government platform and must receive a vote of confidence in order to become prime minister. In practice, the prime minister is usually the leader of the largest party in the governing coalition. Between 1996 and 2001, the prime minister was directly elected, separately from the Knesset. Israeli Prime Minister Years Party David Ben-Gurion 1948-1954 Mapai Moshe Sharett 1954-1955 Mapai David Ben-Gurion 1955-1963 Mapai Levi Eshkol 1963-1969 Mapai/Alignment/Labor Golda Meir 1969-1974 Alignment/Labor Yitzhak Rabin 1974-1977 Alignment/Labor Menachem Begin 1977-1983 Likud Yitzhak Shamir 1983-1984 Likud Shimon Peres 1984-1986 Alignment/Labor Yitzhak Shamir 1986-1992 Likud Yitzhak Rabin 1992-1995 Labor Shimon Peres 1995-1996 Labor Benjamin Netanyahu 1996-1999 Likud Ehud Barak 1999-2001 One Israel/Labor Ariel Sharon 2001-2006 Likud/Kadima Ehud Olmert 2006-2009 Kadima Benjamin Netanyahu 2009-present Likud Order of Succession If the prime minister dies in office, the cabinet chooses an interim prime minister, to run the government until a new government is placed in power. According to Israeli law, if a prime minister is temporarily incapacitated rather than dies, power is transferred to theÃ acting prime minister, until the prime minister recovers, for up to 100 days. If the prime minister is declared permanently incapacitated, or that period expires, the President of Israel oversees the process of assembling a new governing coalition, and in the meantime, the acting prime minister or other incumbent minister is appointed by the cabinet to serve as an interim prime minister. Parliamentary Parties of the Prime Ministers The Mapai Party was the party of the first prime minister of Israel during the formation of the state. It was consideredÃ the dominant force in Israeli politics until its merger into the modern-day Labor Party in 1968. The party introduced progressive reforms such as theÃ establishment of a welfare state, providing a minimum income, security, and access to housing subsidies and health and social services. The Alignment was a group of consisting of the Mapai and Ahdut Haavoda-Poalei Zion parties around the time of the sixth Knesset. The group later included the newly formed Israel Labor Party and Mapam. The Independent Liberal Party joined the Alignment around the 11th Knesset. The Labor Party was a parliamentary group formed in the course of the 15th Knesset after Gesher left One Israel and included the Labor Party and Meimad, which was a moderate religious party, that never ran independently in Knesset elections. One Israel, the party of Ehud Barak, was made up of the Labor Party, Gesher and Meimad during the 15th Knesset. The Kadima was established towards the end of the 16th Knesset, a new parliamentary group, Achrayut Leumit, which means National Responsibility, split off from the Likud. Approximately two months later, Acharayut Leumit changed its name to Kadima. The Likud was established in 1973 around the time of the elections for the eighth Knesset. It consisted of the Herut Movement, the Liberal Party, the Free Center, the National List and Greater Israel Activists.
Monday, February 24, 2020
Becoming A Culturally Competent Counselor Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words
Becoming A Culturally Competent Counselor - Essay Example I would describe my cultural identity development at the current time using the racial/cultural identity development. The first stage of my cultural identity development started with conformity. I accepted the dominant beliefs and customs being practiced by most people, and admittedly, I have discarded some of my own less popular and less dominant beliefs and practices. As a result, there was a certain dissonance because of the conflicting messages and observations inconsistent with my views of my culture and the dominant culture (Sanchez, n.d). I questioned the dominant beliefs that I conformed with previously. I saw how these dominant practices are unfairly damaging to my culture. After the stage of dissonance, I learned to completely embrace my cultural values and to reject the dominant beliefs. I also felt shame for abandoning my beliefs just because they were not popular. In the process, I regained pride in my culture and my beliefs. However, following the acceptance of my minor ity beliefs, I went through the stage of introspection where I learned to assess both minority and dominant beliefs and to integrate them into my life. After going through such process, I now developed an inner sense of security in my beliefs; I learned to accept peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s peculiarities and culture even if they were so different from the rest of the world (Sanchez, n.d). I learned that it is possible for the dominant and the minority beliefs to coexist, to take the strengths of each aspect and apply them in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life. Considering the nature of my cultural experience, five strengths I will bring to multicultural counseling will be my openness, my honesty, my sense of respect for other cultures, my perceptiveness, and my creativeness. I am open to peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s peculiarities and preferences; their having another culture or belief different from mine would not interfere in